1. Post-earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project
2015’s earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale took the lives of more than 8000 people and displaced 1.3 million more from rural hilly areas and Kathmandu valley. Nearly 5,000 schools were completely destroyed and 503 health facilities totally damaged. Sindhupalchowk district was the most affected area where ninety-five per cent of school buildings and health facilities suffered major damage.
After providing immediate relief to earthquake affected communities of Bhaktapur, Kathmandu and surrounding area, we shifted our focus to long-term rehabilitation work. After our on-site visit to Sindhupalchowk district, we discovered that most of the schools, health posts were damaged beyond repair along with water supplies being damaged as well. Some villages were running schools in temporary shelters whereas in some villages children had stopped going to school since such arrangements could not be made. The importance of building schools, health posts and maintaining proper water supply could not be overlooked.
The villages covering this project are situated in the most remote areas in Sindhupalchhok District with very limited/ delayed access to aid from the government. The key areas for intervention was identified as follows:
A. Permanent Learning Center: There was need for Permanent School Building with furniture and other basic teaching school items like blackboards and other teaching aids. We found that more than 90% of the schools damaged and need urgent reconstruction. Schools were running in open sky without basic facilities like desk and bench to students.
B. Sanitation: Periphery near temporary schools and houses had become the most frequently used places for open defecation after the earthquake. Thus, consideration on managing open defecation was important area for intervention.
C. Medical Support: There was an immediate need of restoring public health care centers of the area. In absence of the basic medical support, communities are suffering a lot.
D. Safe Drinking Water: Drinking water channels of the villages got damaged by earthquake, it was essential to make available safe drinking water to the affected communities.
Based upon the visit, it was discovered that, local population was unable to reconstruct the area, especially considering their low economic status. Construction of school would not only help children gain knowledge and skills required to succeed but also would indicate start of normal life to many people and also help them overcome the post trauma, especially after such a big natural calamity. Similarly, construction of health post and access to clean water supply system would promote their healthy living and prevent possible epidemic.
Objective of the Project
- Project’s main objective is to facilitate Government of Nepal and its allied department in rebuilding Public infrastructure damaged by the earthquake.
- Rebuilding of 6 Govt Schools & 2 Primary Health Posts in Sindhupalchowk in collaboration with Tata Trusts/ TCIT.
- Motivating participation of the local management committees in the rebuilding process for developing ownership and taking care of infrastructure, post implementation.